Evora, Portugal

Evora is, indeed, a window to a time five centuries ago. From the center of town, El Praça do Geraldo, a rich historical tapestry unfolds as one visit’s the neighborhoods of this unique and ancient city. Architectural achievements and monuments created by past masters dot the landscape. A tour of Evora can trace the evolution of architecture as it passes through the Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque eras.

Evora is the capital and largest city in the Alentejo region of Portugal. As such it dominates the area’s cultural and economic activities of this large, plains covered region of Portugal. The Tagus river flows on its northern edge and was the source of it historical power and importance.

Giraldo Square Evora, PortugalThe history of this storied town dates from the pre-Roman era over two millennia ago. Rome conquered the town in 57 B.C and left a lasting footprint in architecture and monuments. The town flourished under Roman rule and both Julius and Caesar and Pliny the Elder recognized its virtues.

Evora suffered under the barbarian rule of the Visigoths but once again flourished after conquest by the Moors. Significant Moorish influence can still be found in the civic gardens and mosques of the city.

In the late 12th century, Evora would, once and for all, become part of the Portuguese empire. It was considered a wonder in the Middle Ages and its reputation has not diminished in the intervening years. Over the centuries, the most famous artists of Europe from every discipline have visited and contributed to the artistic splendor of this museum city.

From the Roman era , one can visit the Temple of Diana in the central town square. This well preserved structure from the first century and is the town’s most famous and visited monument.

The architecture of the Middle Ages is well represented by the Cathedral of Evora. It combines overall Gothic elements in the main areas with Manueline and Renaissance details in various naves and transepts.

In the center of town, Giraldo Square is home to the Estaus Palace, the Henriquina fountain and the beautiful St. Anton’s Church.

The City Museum houses a collection of art that showcases the Golden Age of Portugal. It is noted for several outstanding paintings and sculptures from the 16th and 17th centuries.


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