Centre District, Florence, Italy


If you are a visitor to Florence, Italy you must be certain to spend some time in the Centre District. Many of the city’s most impressive sights are here in the center of the city, and you won’t want to miss the opportunity to see them for yourself. Conveniently, the district is not very spread-out, so you can see several fantastic landmarks within just a few blocks of each other. If you have only a day to spend in Florence, this would be an excellent place to spend it since you will be able to see so much in such a short time.
The Duomo, Centre District, Florence, ItalyThe Cathedral, otherwise known as the Duomo, is found in the center of Florence, along with the baptistry. Its proper title in English is the Basilica of Saint Mary of the Flower, and the cathedral reflects that lovely name. Along with the richly ornamental doors and the finely sculptured marble walls, the cathedral boasts 44 gorgeous stained glass windows created in the 1300s and 1400s. Construction on the cathedral began more than seven centuries ago, and several noted artists and architects had a hand in the design of this beautiful building whose golden dome towers over central Florence.

The Cathedral Square, or Piazza del Duomo, also includes the beautiful spectacle of Giotto’s Bell Tower, a splendid example of Gothic architecture, and the Museum of the Works of the Cathedral, which houses magnificent works of art connected with the cathedral, including the handiwork of Michaelangelo and Donatello. With its rich history, this is a definite must-see for any art enthusiast.

Another impressive sight in this district of Florence is the Ponte Vecchio, which is the bridge that stands over the Arno River. In addition to its structural beauty, which dates back to medieval times, the bridge is notable because it is lined with shops. While many bridges of that time were similarly lined with shops, that is not the case for many bridges that stand today, so it’s especially fun to wander these stores and buy the art, jewelry and souvenirs that is sold inside of them.

If you are planning a visit to Florence and looking for accommodation in the Centre District or all over the city, check out Oh-Florence where you can find a huge selection of apartments to suit your every need. Clearly, this central portion of Florence has a great deal to offer any visitor with a deep and abiding interest in art, culture and history, and its magnificence is such that it is likely to foster such an appreciation in others as well.


Medeci Chapels, Florence Italy

The Medici Chapels are two buildings that are part of the Basilica San Lorenzo in Florence, Italy. The construction began in the 16th and 17th centuries as additions to the 15th century church of Brunelleschi. The goal of the chapels was to celebrate the Medici family as patrons of the church and as rulers as the Grand Dukes of Tuscany. The Church of San Lorenzo was the Medici’s authorized church because they lived in the adjoining Via Larga palace.

The family decided to construct a family burial chamber in 1520. Michelangelo started to work on the new sacristy when Cardinal Giulio de Medici stated he wished to build the mausoleum for his family members, Lorenzo the Magnificent and Giuliano. Michelangelo finished the design in 1524 and labored on the sculptures until 1533. He completed the two sculptures of Lorenzo, Duke of Urbino, and Giuliano, Duke of Nemours, plus the allegories of Day and Night, Dawn and Dusk.Basilica of San Lorenzo, Medeci Chapels, Florence Italy

The Sagrestia Nuova was to be a mausoleum for the Medici family. It was to contain four tombs, but those for Lorenzo the magnificent and his brother, Giuliano, were never started. Giuliano is buried under the altar near the entrance. Instead, it is the burial site for less prominent Medici. After Michelangelo moved to Rome, the work on the sacristy stopped but was later completed by Vasari and Bartrolomeo Ammannati.

The Capella dei Principi is an eight-sided building topped by a tall dome. Cosimo I proposed building the Capella dei Principi that was designed by Matteo Nigetti. Ferdinand I de Medici carried out the construction.

The building is known for the exterior marble that includes colored marbles and semi-previous stones. The Grand Ducal hard stone workshop was set up to accomplished this process known in Florence as the art of commessi. The fragments of stone were jig sawn to fit a design that enveloped the wall. The building contains six imposing sarcophagi that are empty. The Medici is buried in the crypt below. The coats of arms of towns that the Medici controlled are included in the lower parts of the wall.