Palermo, Italy, has the fifth largest population in all of Italy, and is known as the cultural and tourism center of Italy. It is also know as the economic center of Italy, due to the large amount of agricultural productivity and services industries. It’s tucked in the region of Sicily, in the Province of Palermo. Originally populated by the Phoenicians, in modern times Palermo became part of the Two Sicilies until the Italian Unification took place in the mid 1860’s. Both Italian and Sicilian are spoken in Palermo.
Roman Catholics abound in Palermo. The citizens pay homage to their patron saint, Saint Rosalia. In July of each year, one of the largest festivals in the city takes place to honor the saint, with many tourists coming from all over to take part in the celebration. It's called Festino, and during this time citizens proceed down the town streets for Saint Rosalie, because it is believed she saved people from the Black Death in 1624.
Palermo is home to many grand churches, including the most unusual one in the city, the Palermo Cathedral. Over many years, the church has been renovated and had additions put in place repeatedly, resulting in a church built in several architectural styles. There are many beautiful palaces to visit as well. The Palazzo Dei Normanni is considered Italy’s most beautiful and most massive palace. The palace is home to the Cappella Palatina, the royal chapel of the Kings of Sicily.
There are plenty of shopping opportunities in Palermo as well as historical and cultural venues. Know for its popular street markets, many citizens and tourists alike frequent the Vucciria, a lively market that sells fresh fish, clothing, herbs, grain, tourist items and produce. Summer is the busiest season, with many taking a break from summer sun in the nearby cafes.
Palermo, Italy has mild climate, with warm to hot dry summers and mild, but wet winters. Technically classified as a Mediterranean climate, the weather from day to day does not vary much, and the seasons are not marked with drastic changes. The weather is part of what makes Palermo a great travel destination.
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