Safaris, often the first thought of travelers when the word Africa is mentioned. There is much more to Africa than Safaris. Africa the second largest Continent on earth, second only to Asia. Covering over 6% of the earth's surface, Africa makes up just over 20% of total land mass on the planet. With over 920 million people, Africa is the second most populated continent behind Asia. Bisected by the Equator, Africa lies almost evenly in the Northern Hemisphere as well as the Southern Hemisphere. Africa is the only continent that extends through two temperate zones, the northern and southern temperate zones, thus giving Africa a variety of climate regions.
Taking in Madagascar and other Island groups of the continents coast, Africa is made up of 53 countries, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Indian Ocean to the south east. Africa is joined to Asia and the Middle East by the Red Sea and the Suez Canal. To the north, Africa is separated from Europe by the Mediterranean Sea. Africa has more than 16 thousand miles of coastline, yet being the second largest continent, Africa, void of large indentations of the coastline, Europe has more coastline than Africa at 19 thousand miles.
Africa’s largest country is Sudan with the smallest country being The Gambia. The most populated country is Algiers with over 33 million people. The city of Lagos Nigeria with 13.5 million people is Africa’s largest city.
Africa with a multiple of climates and terrain will leave the adventure traveler with unbelievable and numerous choices for adventures and experiences. Africa has become a must see travel destination, with a wide range of natural and manmade wonders the continent has almost everything for the adventure seeking travelers.
Africa contains the world’s longest river, the Nile River and the surrounding fertile Nile basin. Africa’s southwestern corner, between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, is a region of tropical rain forest, yet small in comparison to South Americas rain forest, the region is home to over 26 thousand plant species compared to South America’s 90 thousand species. Africa’s rain forest is home to the gorilla and chimpanzee. Several mountain ranges stretch the entire length of the continent, along with some of the most diverse and spectacular land forms on the planet.
At 19,340 feet, Kilimanjaro is Africa’s highest point, located in the country of Tanzania. The world’s largest waterfall, Victoria fall is located in southern Africa along the Zambezi River separating the countries of Zimbabwe and Zambia. The Sahara desert, traversing northern portion of Africa from the Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea and northward to include parts of the Mediterranean Coast is the worlds largest desert. Africa's Lake Victoria located on the boarders of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda is the world's second largest fresh water lake behind Lake Superior in North America. Located off the North Western corner of Africa lays the Canary Islands, volcanic in origin the archipelago is made up of eight island and a few islets. Madagascar, located off the southwestern shore of Africa is the world's fourth largest island in the world. World famous for the large amounts of endemic species, Madagascar is home to 5 % of the world's animal and plant species.
Leptons Magna, located in Libya is the ancient ruins of the Roman Empire. The northeastern corner of Africa holds Egypt, with the Valley of the Kings and Egypt's great pyramids. Also located in Egypt is the Suez Canal, located in the northeastern section of Africa the Suez Canal joins the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea